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Assam is known for her rich forest wealth, where forest area constitutes 25 per cent of the total geographical area of the State. A state with an abundance of forest, Assam also has five national parks, around seventeen other wildlife sanctuaries, and is home to two-thirds of the population of the unique one-horned rhino.
In the field of wildlife conservation, Assam too has successfully conserved the one-horned Indian rhinoceros from near extinction, along with the tiger and numerous species of birds, and it provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant. It is becoming an increasingly popular destination for wildlife tourism, and Kaziranga and Manas two UNESCO World Heritage Sites are internationally famous for the one horned Rhino and Royal Bengal Tiger respectively.
The state is the last refuge for numerous other endangered species such as the Golden Langur (Presbetis geei), White-winged Wood Duck or Deohanh (Cairina scutulata), Bengal Florican, Black-breasted Parrotbill, Pygmy Hog, Greater Adjutant and so on. Some other endangered species with significant population in Assam are the tiger, elephant, Hoolock gibbon, Jerdon’s Babbler, etc.
For the State Bird, the White-winged Wood Duck, Assam is a globally important area. Assam is also known for orchids. The state has the largest population of the Wild Water Buffalo in the world. The state also has the highest diversity of birds in India with around 820 species. With subspecies the number is as high as 946. The mammal diversity in Assam is also high with around 190 species.
The National Parks are-
Ø Dibru-Saikhowa National Park.
Ø Nameri National Park.
Ø Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park.
The Wildlife Sanctuaries are-
Ø Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary.
Ø Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary.
Ø Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary.
Ø Chakrasila Wildlife Sanctuary.
Ø Burachapori Wildlife Sanctuary.
Ø Pani-Dihing Bird Sanctuary.
Ø Hollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary.
Ø Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary.
Ø Sonai Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary.
Ø Bherjan-Borajan-Padumoni Wildlife Sanctuary.
Ø East Karbi Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary.
Ø Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary.
Ø Marat Longri Wildlife Sanctuary.
Ø Nambor –Doigrung Wildlife Sanctuary.
Ø Amchang Wildlife Sanctuary.
Ø Dehing Patkai Wildlife Santuary.
Ø Borail Wildlife Sanctuary.