Bodo Sahitya Sabha, the vanguard of Bodo language and literature, was founded under the president ship of Joy Bhadra Hagjeron on 16th of November, 1952 at Basugaon, in the district of Kokrajhar, Assam consisting of representatives of Assam, West Bengal, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura and Nepal in abroad, which indeed to be a turning point in the history of the Bodos as it brought a massive and overall awakening among the Bodos.
Earlier Bodo people studied in schools and colleges with medium of instruction as either Assamese or Bengali. After the independence, a section of Bodo intellectuals realized the need for preservation of Bodo language. They felt that Bodo language must be preserved and developed at par with Assamese and Bengali languages to the overall development of Bodo people and their culture.
Due to long persuasion and determination of the Bodo Sahitya Sabha, Government of Assam agreed and implemented Bodo language as Medium of Instruction up to Secondary level in 1968. Moreover, the Bodo language and literature has been recognized as one of the Modern Indian Language in several universities like Gauhati, Dibrugarh and other North-Eastern Universities. Also, Bodo was recognized by the Government of Assam as an Associate Official Language by an act in the floor of Assam Assembly in the year of 1985. Bodo language has attained a new height with the opening of the Post-Graduate Courses in Bodo language and literature in the University of Gauhati in 1996.
By the Ninety-second Amendment Act, 2003, Bodo Language was recognized by the Government of India as one of the Scheduled Languages under the 8th Schedule of the Indian Constitution as per Agreement reached among Government of India, Provincial Government of Assam and BLT which is known as Bodoland. In 2005, the Union Public Service Commission of India, the highest forum of the competitive Examinations of Indian Administrative and other Allied Services included Bodo Language as one of the Language subjects.
Moreover under the aegis of the commission for Scientific and Technical terminology, HRD Ministry, the Govt. of India, the Bodo Sahitya Sabha is preparing more than forty thousand scientific and technical terms in Bodo language. Also the Bodo Sahitya Sabha has been working on various projects as for example, a large number of books on prose, poetry, drama, short story, novel, biography, travelogue, children’s literature, criticism, a complete Bodo-English-Hindi Dictionary and has also started the project of translating the international classics. A Translation & Publication Sub-Committee has been constituted by the Bodo Sahitya Sabha for this purpose.
Pranjal is a professional blogger cum engineer from Assam.