Kaziranga National Park is best known in the world for the one horned rhinoceros found here. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Sanctuary in India. The Park is the abode to more than 70% of One Horned Rhinoceros in the world. It is located in the Golaghat district of Assam. The park covers an area of 858.98 square kilometer of alluvial floodplain of the Brahmaputra River. The distance to the park from Guwahati is 217 Km.
In addition to One Horned Rhinos Kaziranga National Park has the highest density of tigers’ prey including the large prey biomass of tiger found in the country. It harbours more than 60% of India’s wild buffalo population along with the only population of the Eastern Swamp deer and seven species of turtles and tortoises. The other important wildlife found are – Leopard, Fishing Cat, other Lesser cats, Large Indian Civet, Small Indian Civet, Sambar, Barking deer, Hog deer, Gaur, Hog Badger, Hoolock Gibbon, Capped Langur, Assamese Macaque, Rhesus Macaque, Sloth Bear, Gangetic Dolphin and Otter etc.
Kaziranga is the home to 25 globally Threatened and 21 near threatened species of birds. So far 480 bird species have been identified and recorded in the Park. The Baza, Bengal Florican, Hornbills, Osprey etc. are the endangered species. Also Pelicans and various waterfowls both resident and migratory etc are found.
As per record, more than 150 perennial water bodies are located inside the Park, where water level fluctuates temporally during monsoon season resulting in the generation of a very rich aquatic floral diversity. More than 32 species of flora have so far been identified. More than 60 species of fishes have been recorded and is the breeding ground of many of the local species.
The national park has been attracting both domestic and foreign tourists. The Kaziranga National park was open for visitors in 1938 and since then Kaziranga National Park is one of the most important tourist destinations of Assam. Close look at Rhino, ‘Elephant Safari’ in every morning, Sighting variety of wildlife by ‘Jeep Safari’, thousands of local and migratory birds flocking in wetlands and the scenic beauty of Karbi Anglong Hills remain tourists’ favourite. In addition to tourist lodges & resorts under Assam Tourism Department there are a lot of private resorts and lodges which provide their best services and their various tour packages to the tourists.
The transportation facility to the park is very good by bus, train and by air also. Rowraiah (Jorhat) is the nearest Airport which is 97 Kms. away and LGB International Airport (Guwahati) is 239 Kms away. The road distances from nearest cities & towns to Kohora are: from Jorhat is 89 Kms, from Nagaon is 96 Kms, from Guwahati is 219 Kms, from Golaghat is 73 Kms and from Bokakhat is 21 Kms.
Best time to visit Kaziranga National Park is from month of November to April.
Photo Courtesy: Flickr .