Sivasagar, the current district head quarter of Sivasagar district of Assam situated between 94.25° and 95.25° Longitude East and 25.45° and 27.15° Latitude North was the Capital of Ahoms who ruled Assam for about six hundred years till the advent of the British, located at a distance of 369 KM east of Guwahati in the south bank of the Brahmaputra.
Sivasagar has three sub-divisions for administrative controls, namely Sivasagar, Nazira, and Charaideo. Important towns of Sivasagar districts are Sivasagar, Joysagar, Nazira, Sonari, Moran, Gaurisagar, and Amguri. Dikhow, Jhanji, Disang are the main rivers of this district. Although Sivasagar carries a pleasant weather throughout the year, the winter season starting from October to March seems to be more comfortable for foreign tourists from U.K, U.S.A and EU countries. Being a capital of powerful Ahom kingdom, Sivasagar is blessed with various historical monuments.
Following are the main tourist attractions of Sivasagar:
Gaurisagar Tank and Dole:
Gaurisagar tank and dole (Dole means temple in Assamese) lie at a distance of about 12 KM west to Sivasagar town. Queen Phuleswari constructed it in 1734. The temple and the tank are dedicated to the Goddess Durga. The tank covers 60.5HA of area on the bank of the tank there lay three temples. They are Devi Dol, Siva Dol and Vishnu Dol.
Namdang Silor Shaku (Namdang Stone Bridge):
The three hundred years old stone bridge on Namdang River has been withstanding with the heaviest of traffic passing over it. It is situated at NH 37 approximately 0.70 Km from Gaurisagar town.
Approximately 4 Km from Gaurisagar town Jerenga Pothar is famous for courage, patriotism, tolerance and bravery of Sati Jaymati who sacrificed her for her husband King Godadhar Singha .
Joy Dole and Joysagar Tank:
It is the largest of the 5 temples that the son of Sati Jaymati, Rudra Singha built in memory of his mother in 1697, next to Joysagar. Joysagar tank is the largest man-made tank in the world. It has a total area of 318 acres including the four banks.
Rang Ghar, the oldest amphitheater in Asia, the imposing red structure at Joysagar, about 3 Kms from Sivasagar town, is one of the most important structures built during the Ahom era.
Talatal Ghar, the largest of all the monuments built during Ahom kingdom is located approximately 4 K.M from Sivasagar Town. It is situated south of Rang Ghar and approximately 500 meters away from Rang Ghar. Talatal Ghar, a multi-storied palace, was built by Ahom Swargadeo (King) Rajeswar Singha during 1751-1769 A.D.
Shiva Dole and Sivasagar Tank:
Shiva Dole standing in between the Vishnu Dole and Devi Dole has got the most imposing look and solemnity. Sivasagar Tank, lying beside the three most beautiful Dole, one of the important habitats of migratory birds during the winter season. It is the most attractive landscape of the town.
Vishnu Dol is one of the three great temples of Sivasagar. It is situated in the same campus of Shiva Dole.
The third one of the great temples of Sivasagar is Devi Dol. This temple was dedicated to Hindu Goddess Durga 300 years back.
‘Kareng Ghar’ is a Royal House of the Tai-Ahom kings, which is situated in Gargaon, the third capital of the Tai-Ahoms. The monument is four- storied building and arranged in gradually receding tiers.
Charaideo is the original capital of Ahom Kingdom, located at a distance of 28KM to the east of Sivasagar town established by the founder of Ahom dynasty, Su-Ka-Pha in 1253AD. It is famous for maidams or Burial vaults of Ahom kings and the other members of the royal family.
Ajan Pir Dargah:
Located at a distance of 8KM north of Gaurisagar and about 20KM North West of Sivasagar town, there lies a Dargah of Hajrat Ajan Pir, the Muslim saint famous for his contribution to the assamese devotional songs Jikir and Jari.
Disang Mukh is the river mouth of the tributary of the Mighty Brahmaputra situated very close to the Sivasagar town. It is popular as tourist spot and picnic spot for its scenic beauty. It becomes quite exotic experience of picnic at ‘Disang Sapori’ surrounded by flowing water of Disang river crossing by joined boats of two to three small boats during season, i.e., December to February. Disang festival becomes one of the major events in Sivasagar district organized once in every two years interval. In this rendezvous festival celebrated primarily in the first week of January with various traditional fun games and sports on the sand of river bed of Disang River occurs big gathering from different parts.
This Tai museum, situated by the bank of Sivasagar Tank, exhibits the history of mighty Ahom Kingdom, who ruled Assam for 600 years.
A beautiful location on the foothills of green and calm ambience of Mother Nature, about one and half hours driving distance along Sivasagar-Sonari-Sapekhati road to Namrup. A deep and swallow river flowing from the high and hilly range is giving a unique attraction. Again, the road side green tea gardens heading Dilih Ghat give spellbinding feelings to visitors. This is very popular picnic spot during season.
This is a very popular picnic spot around Sivasagar and thousands of people gather during season. This favorite location is situated on the foothills of Nagaland and the legendary Dikhow River flows though the place.
Panidihing Bird Sanctuary:
This beautiful bird sanctuary is reachable via Demow town which is half an hour drive from Sivasagar town along NH-37 towards the east. Many migratory birds from different parts of the world can be seen generally during winter season.